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The Discovery that Revealed Ancient Humans Navigated the Seas 130,000 Years Ago
Crete has been an Island for an estimated 5 million years so unless there were some amazing swimmers 130,000 years ago, a raft or some type of boat must have been used. Before this discovery it was always the standard 12,000 years ago when the first modern humans arrived. So the question in my mind was it Neanderthals, Homo heidelbergensis or some version of modern humans who were doing the sailing ?

The 130,000 years stated in the title is because the tools were found in a strata using stratigraphic analysis . The layer was actually between 130,000 and 190,000 years old estimated by that dating method.

Quote:It was a few years ago that a Greek-American archaeological team made a startling discovery – they found the oldest indications of seafaring and navigation in the world, in an area called Plakia on Crete Island in Greece.  It is an incredibly important discovery that is given little attention, despite the fact that it reached the top ten discoveries of 2010. Their research is forcing scholars to rethink the maritime capabilities of early human and pre-human cultures.

The team of archaeologists were carrying out excavations in a gorge on the island of Crete when they discovered a Palaeolithic site in the canyon of Preveli, where more than 30 hand axes and hundreds of other stone tools, such as cleavers and scrapers, made from quartz were found scattered across more than 20 different locations.  Until this discovery, it was believed that ancient humans reached Crete, Cyprus, a few other Greek islands, and possibly Sardinia, no earlier than 12,000 years ago. However, remarkably, the stone tools found at Parkia were dated to at least 130,000 years old.
Remarkable.  Perhaps a rethink in human history is in the offing if this discovery is deemed authentic in age.

Quite a lot to think about.

Cheers for the post.  Going to look for more info about this.

Kind regards,

If it was between 130k and 190k years ago, it could be either Neanderthals or Moderns, depending in which direction they came from. That's a bit late in the timeline for Heidelbergensis, though.

In that time frame, Neanderthals owned Europe, Moderns owned from the middle east and parts of Central Asia down through the Maghreb in North Africa and had infiltrated into the northern parts of East Africa from their source in Southwest Asia.. Denisovans had a lock on most of Asia, and there were a few relict populations of H. Erectus in the area of Southeast Asia. Heidelbergensis either went extinct or transformed into Neanderthals and Denisovans around 250k to 300k years ago, and Erectus may have survived in isolated pockets in Southeast Asia up to around 15k years ago.

Humans appeared in Australia around 65k years ago, and they had to get there by boat, too in order to cross the Wallace Line.

The mention of the prevalence of hand axes leads me to think Neanderthals, coming from the north. Their Acheulean tool kit was heavy on hand axes.

“The nature of psychological compulsion is such that those who act under constraint remain under the impression that they are acting on their own initiative. The victim of mind-manipulation does not know that he is a victim. To him the walls of his prison are invisible, and he believes himself to be free. That he is not free is apparent only to other people.”

-Aldous Huxley

-- Got mask? Just sayin'...

Totally been on board with humans being far more mobile for far longer back then they are given credit for.

This just helps demonstrate that.

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