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Winter is coming: Researchers uncover the surprising cause of the Little Ice Age
Something that many of us already knew:

Multimodel mean correlation map between the low-frequency AMOC at 26°N and SST (12). Stars numbered 1 to 15 denote location of sites. Credit: Image from Lapointe et. al., 10.1126/sciadv.abi8230
New research from the University of Massachusetts Amherst provides a novel answer to one of the persistent questions in historical climatology, environmental history and the earth sciences: what caused the Little Ice Age? The answer, we now know, is a paradox: warming.

The Little Ice Age was one of the coldest periods of the past 10,000 years, a period of cooling that was particularly pronounced in the North Atlantic region. This cold spell, whose precise timeline scholars debate, but which seems to have set in around 600 years ago, was responsible for crop failures, famines and pandemics throughout Europe, resulting in misery and death for millions. To date, the mechanisms that led to this harsh climate state have remained inconclusive. However, a new paper published recently in Science Advances gives an up-to-date picture of the events that brought about the Little Ice Age. Surprisingly, the cooling appears to have been triggered by an unusually warm episode.
When lead author Francois Lapointe, postdoctoral researcher and lecturer in geosciences at UMass Amherst and Raymond Bradley, distinguished professor in geosciences at UMass Amherst began carefully examining [url=]their 3,000-year reconstruction of North Atlantic sea surface temperatures
, results of which were published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences in 2020, they noticed something surprising: a sudden change from very warm conditions in the late 1300s to unprecedented cold conditions in the early 1400s, only 20 years later.
Using many detailed marine records, Lapointe and Bradley discovered that there was an abnormally strong northward transfer of warm water in the late 1300s which peaked around 1380. As a result, the waters south of Greenland and the Nordic Seas became much warmer than usual. "No one has recognized this before," notes Lapointe.
Normally, there is always a transfer of warm water from the tropics to the arctic. It's a well-known process called the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC), which is like a planetary conveyor belt. Typically, warm water from the tropics flows north along the coast of Northern Europe, and when it reaches higher latitudes and meets colder arctic waters, it loses heat and becomes denser, causing the water to sink at the bottom of the ocean. This deep-water formation then flows south along the coast of North America and continues on to circulate around the world.

But in the late 1300s, AMOC strengthened significantly, which meant that far more warm water than usual was moving north, which in turn cause rapid arctic ice loss. Over the course of a few decades in the late 1300s and 1400s, vast amounts of ice were flushed out into the North Atlantic, which not only cooled the North Atlantic waters, but also diluted their saltiness, ultimately causing AMOC to collapse. It is this collapse that then triggered a substantial cooling.
Fast-forward to our own time: between the 1960s and 1980s, we have also seen a rapid strengthening of AMOC, which has been linked with persistently high pressure in the atmosphere over Greenland. Lapointe and Bradley think the same atmospheric situation occurred just prior to the Little Ice Age—but what could have set off that persistent high-pressure event in the 1380s?
The answer, Lapointe discovered, is to be found in trees. Once the researchers compared their findings to a new record of solar activity revealed by radiocarbon isotopes preserved in tree rings, they discovered that unusually high solar activity was recorded in the late 1300s. Such solar activity tends to lead to high atmospheric pressure over Greenland.
At the same time, fewer volcanic eruptions were happening on earth, which means that there was less ash in the air. A "cleaner" atmosphere meant that the planet was more responsive to changes in solar output. "Hence the effect of high solar activity on the atmospheric circulation in the North-Atlantic was particularly strong," said Lapointe.
Lapointe and Bradley have been wondering whether such an abrupt cooling event could happen again in our age of global climate change. They note that there is now much less arctic sea ice due to global warming, so an event like that in the early 1400s, involving sea ice transport, is unlikely. "However, we do have to keep an eye on the build-up of freshwater in the Beaufort Sea (north of Alaska) which has increased by 40% in the past two decades. Its export to the subpolar North Atlantic could have a strong impact on oceanic circulation", said Lapointe. "Also, persistent periods of high pressure over Greenland in summer have been much more frequent over the past decade and are linked with record-breaking ice melt. Climate models do not capture these events reliably and so we may be underestimating future ice loss from the ice sheet, with more freshwater entering the North Atlantic, potentially leading to a weakening or collapse of the AMOC." The authors conclude that there is an urgent need to address these uncertainties.

Yep, over ten years ago, Andrew Marshall's group in DoD that researches* unusual topics put out a paper about this and how it would affect the world in terms of behavior of nations, etc.

* - Marshall himself has since passed away.

Of course, back then, the paper postulated the USA would still exist and be a world power.  Not so sure of that anymore.

[Image: 14sigsepia.jpg]

Location: The lost world, Elsewhen
In the 1990's or very early 2000's. Whitley Streiber (the alien guy who wrote "Communion"), came out with a book called "The Coming Superstorm" as I recall. I think it was the basis for that apocalyptic movie "The Day After". He postulated that warming temperatures would melt polar ice, and the resulting fresh water would dilute the salinity in the North Atlantic, which in turn would halt the saline cycle of the Gulf Stream carrying warm tropical water north along the US coast, with consequently less warm water to assist the UK and western Europe in heating, resulting in a deep freeze of the northern hemisphere.

This sounds a lot like that book, in reverse - this theory appears to have the warm water running north along the western European coast and southward along the US east coast, resulting in a deep freeze starting in the US instead of Europe.

But the same basic idea.

“The nature of psychological compulsion is such that those who act under constraint remain under the impression that they are acting on their own initiative. The victim of mind-manipulation does not know that he is a victim. To him the walls of his prison are invisible, and he believes himself to be free. That he is not free is apparent only to other people.”

-Aldous Huxley

-- Got mask? Just sayin'...

Lapointe and Bradley have a major flaw in their work. 

They failed to demonstrate that people started using electric cars in the 1800's to save humanity. 

//sarc off//

When it comes to climate and history, talking to most of the general public is like talking to the wall. You can show them empirical evidence (like your OP) Earth's climate in normally highly volatile but if we get a cold spell or a hot spell, the end is nigh. Buy some snake oil.

Think back to human sacrifice to appease the rain gods. Throwing virgins into the volcano. Those are the extremes history has demonstrated they are willing to go to. Nothing has changed.

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