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Geopolitics
#1
This is taken from a Russian news paper and translated with Google translate. Its interesting in the way it shows what the "others" think about what is going on at the moment.

The "military" part of the report of the Defense Ministry "On a comprehensive assessment of the state of Russia's national security in the field of maritime activities in 2016" describes a rather contradictory picture. The authors point to the numerous geopolitical challenges facing the country, but do not believe in "large-scale military actions" against Russia from sea and ocean directions.The same applies to the description of the state of the Navy: the number of warships proper is recognized as satisfactory, but in terms of supply systems, the fleet is in a rather difficult situation.

Several sources close to the Defense Ministry told the details of the military part of the Kommersant's report. According to them, at the end of September the document was sent out to members of the Maritime Board under the government (led by Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin). Then the report, possibly with the addition of members of the board, will be sent to Vladimir Putin. In the staff of Mr. Rogozin, from the comments of "Kommersant" yesterday abstained, as did the Ministry of Defense.
According to Kommersant's information, the "military" part of the report carefully describes the existing foreign policy problems. For example, the authors consider the main factors of instability to be "the US-led and their allies' course to limit geopolitical influence" of the Russian Federation, the growth of international terrorism, piracy and illegal migration.
As a threat to national interests, a "potentially possible military conflict" with NATO countries, a complex situation in the Azov-Black Sea region (a threat to the vital objects of the Crimea, the presence of ships and aircraft of non-regional powers in the Black Sea basin), territorial claims of Japan to the Kurile Islands, and also the struggle of the member countries of the Arctic Council and even non-Arctic states for the expansion of military influence in the region. As a separate threat, Norway is singled out with its plans for unilateral revision of international agreements: the report emphasizes that the authorities are seeking to establish "absolute national jurisdiction over the Spitsbergen archipelago and the adjacent 200-mile water area." "The role of the factor of power in international relations is increasing," the authors of the document believe,
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The condition of research vessels requires urgent financial injections

According to Kommersant sources, the nature of the existing threats is described in more detail. This is an increase in the number of states that have an efficient fleet; escalation of armed conflicts in the territories associated with the Russian Federation and having access to the sea; pressure on Russia in order to weaken its control over the Northern Sea Route; deployment of strategic non-nuclear precision-guided weapons systems, as well as sea-based missile defense systems, by other countries adjacent to the Russian waters of the seas and oceans.
The emerging threats will not go unanswered, the authors of the report are convinced. It is based on maintaining the technical readiness of the existing Navy ships, as well as building new ones. Thus, in 2016 five warships were included in the fleet (two submarines of the project 636.3 Veliky Novgorod and Kolpino, two frigates of the project 11356 Admiral Grigorovich and Admiral Essen, the sea minesweeper of the project 12700 A. Obukhov) and two patrol boats "Raptor". In addition, in the framework of the rearmament of the coastal troops of the Navy, five coastal missile systems of the type "Bal" and "Bastion" were delivered for the year. Under construction - more than 20 warships and about 50 vessels for various purposes. In 2017, the Navy will receive 16 more ships and combat boats (two frigates, a corvette, a large landing ship, nine combat boats, a patrol ship and two small missile ships). According to Kommersant's information, the report says that an analysis of the potential of the fleet over the past five years shows a steady positive trend, and the state of the sphere is assessed as "stable." In 2016, the fleet carried out 102 combat campaigns, increasing the intensity of the tasks by 1.3 times (compared to 2015), while the total duration of the ships' stay at the service in the sea was 9538 days.
But the scope of navigation and hydrographic support in the report, according to Kommersant's information, is characterized as "unstable". Taking into account the receipt of new boats in the Navy by December 2016, the share of ships that served the established service life was 87%. The lack of new vessels was compensated by the modernization of the old ones, due to this it was possible to bring to the desired state 32% of the boats. Even worse is the development of "global information systems" for the needs of the fleet: according to the document, they are in a "crisis" state. This is happening, according to the authors of the report, because the new technology does not arrive and we have to use the old one, which is already time to write off. In the document, according to Kommersant's information, it is specified that the situation is most difficult in the Arctic and Pacific regional directions. Monitoring of the underwater situation is conducted using the sonar complex Severyanin and the Anakonda electromagnetic station, but their capabilities are not sufficient to cover all areas. Problems with the ship's composition also affect the patrolling of maritime boundaries: for the full range of tasks, military seamen should receive 5-8 seagoing ships and 20-25 border patrol boats, and also start construction of border icebreakers (Russia is the only Arctic country that does not have ships of this class). Now available ships of the type "Reliable" are not provided with shipborne helicopters and are not capable of carrying a sufficient supply of fuel. Problems with the ship's composition also affect the patrolling of maritime boundaries: for the full range of tasks, military seamen should receive 5-8 seagoing ships and 20-25 border patrol boats, and also start construction of border icebreakers (Russia is the only Arctic country that does not have ships of this class). Now available ships of the type "Reliable" are not provided with shipborne helicopters and are not capable of carrying a sufficient supply of fuel. Problems with the ship's composition also affect the patrolling of maritime boundaries: for the full range of tasks, military seamen should receive 5-8 seagoing ships and 20-25 border patrol boats, and also start construction of border icebreakers (Russia is the only Arctic country that does not have ships of this class). Now available ships of the type "Reliable" are not provided with shipborne helicopters and are not capable of carrying a sufficient supply of fuel.

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[url=https://www.kommersant.ru/doc/3178097?from=doc_vrez]
What did the President of USC Alexei Rakhmanov say about the present and future of civil and military shipbuilding

According to the source of Kommersant, close to the Navy's Main Staff, the current pace of fleet renewal raises questions from the country's leadership, but they will not be resolved quickly due to the general state of shipbuilding. According to Kommersant's information, the report states that in the period 2015-2016 "there is a decrease in the number of ships, ships and boats that have been surrendered." Until now, the previously planned head and first production frigates of project 22350, the main large landing ship of project 11711, as well as the main ship for project 23120 have not been delivered yet. The decline in military technical cooperation was also affected: for the year orders were reduced by 19%.
However, the authors of the report acknowledge that despite the "growing threats to Russia's national security" in ocean areas and sea areas, the possibility of "large-scale military action" against Russia from the sea and ocean directions is unlikely. At least in the short term

https://www.kommersant.ru/doc/3428044
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